FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

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FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Marek Zarychta
Dear list,

I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
fine on newer hardware.

It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:

Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
booting process?

Regards,

--

Marek Zarychta



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Re: FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Stefan Bethke-2
> I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
> hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
> all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
> upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
> bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
> tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
> The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
> 11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
> fine on newer hardware.
>
> It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
> will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:
>
> Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
> booting process?

The first step is to try with known-good bits: can you boot these machines off the 12.0 ISO or memstick images? Can you load your kernel and modules with the loader from the ISO/memstick? Does GENERIC built without any flags work?

If any of these don’t work, try to be as specific as possible when reporting problems. For example, the exact make of mainboard (kenv output) and the BIOS version, and any relevant BIOS settings are likely important for problems regarding the loader. If the kernel and modules load, you can try a verbose boot to see better how far the kernel gets.

I’d be really surprised if the CPUs themselves would cause trouble.


Stefan

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Stefan Bethke <[hidden email]>   Fon +49 151 14070811

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Re: FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Marek Zarychta

W dniu 03.01.2019 o 14:13, Stefan Bethke pisze:

>> I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
>> hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
>> all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
>> upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
>> bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
>> tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
>> The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
>> 11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
>> fine on newer hardware.
>>
>> It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
>> will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:
>>
>> Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
>> booting process?
> The first step is to try with known-good bits: can you boot these machines off the 12.0 ISO or memstick images? Can you load your kernel and modules with the loader from the ISO/memstick? Does GENERIC built without any flags work?
>
> If any of these don’t work, try to be as specific as possible when reporting problems. For example, the exact make of mainboard (kenv output) and the BIOS version, and any relevant BIOS settings are likely important for problems regarding the loader. If the kernel and modules load, you can try a verbose boot to see better how far the kernel gets.
>
> I’d be really surprised if the CPUs themselves would cause trouble.
>
Thank you for the informative reply. I will try to boot from official
CD, but have limited access and servers are still working under FreeBSD
11.2-STABLE #2 r342669



--
Marek Zarychta



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Re: FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Marek Zarychta
In reply to this post by Stefan Bethke-2


W dniu 03.01.2019 o 14:13, Stefan Bethke pisze:

>> I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
>> hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
>> all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
>> upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
>> bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
>> tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
>> The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
>> 11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
>> fine on newer hardware.
>>
>> It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
>> will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:
>>
>> Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
>> booting process?
>
> The first step is to try with known-good bits: can you boot these machines off the 12.0 ISO or memstick images? Can you load your kernel and modules with the loader from the ISO/memstick? Does GENERIC built without any flags work?
>
> If any of these don’t work, try to be as specific as possible when reporting problems. For example, the exact make of mainboard (kenv output) and the BIOS version, and any relevant BIOS settings are likely important for problems regarding the loader. If the kernel and modules load, you can try a verbose boot to see better how far the kernel gets.
>
> I’d be really surprised if the CPUs themselves would cause trouble.

The first step is done. The affected hardware doesn't boot from official
12.0-RELEASE CD either. Loader also freezes at the stage of loading
kernel modules. These servers are old Maxdata Platinum 500 and 3200.
Some time ago I have submitted dmesgs to NYC BUG dmesg repository[1][2].

Both configurations are fine with 11-STABLE, so I am not going to
upgrade them and I am replying only FYI.


[1] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=3790
[2] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=4111

Regards,

--
Marek Zarychta


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Re: FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Stefan Bethke-2
Am 08.01.2019 um 10:34 schrieb Marek Zarychta <[hidden email]>:

> W dniu 03.01.2019 o 14:13, Stefan Bethke pisze:
>>> I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
>>> hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
>>> all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
>>> upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
>>> bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
>>> tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
>>> The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
>>> 11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
>>> fine on newer hardware.
>>>
>>> It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
>>> will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:
>>>
>>> Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
>>> booting process?
>>
>> The first step is to try with known-good bits: can you boot these machines off the 12.0 ISO or memstick images? Can you load your kernel and modules with the loader from the ISO/memstick? Does GENERIC built without any flags work?
>>
>> If any of these don’t work, try to be as specific as possible when reporting problems. For example, the exact make of mainboard (kenv output) and the BIOS version, and any relevant BIOS settings are likely important for problems regarding the loader. If the kernel and modules load, you can try a verbose boot to see better how far the kernel gets.
>>
>> I’d be really surprised if the CPUs themselves would cause trouble.
>
>
> The first step is done. The affected hardware doesn't boot from official
> 12.0-RELEASE CD either. Loader also freezes at the stage of loading
> kernel modules. These servers are old Maxdata Platinum 500 and 3200.
> Some time ago I have submitted dmesgs to NYC BUG dmesg repository[1][2].
>
> Both configurations are fine with 11-STABLE, so I am not going to
> upgrade them and I am replying only FYI.
>
>
> [1] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=3790 <https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=3790>
> [2] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=4111 <https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=4111>
I think it would be great to get some input from someone familiar with the new loader. I’ve cc’ed Warner, Kyle and Toomas, as they were listed in the quarterly status report.


Stefan

--
Stefan Bethke <[hidden email]>   Fon +49 151 14070811

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Re: FreeBSD 12 and Nocona

Marek Zarychta
W dniu 08.01.2019 o 12:51, Stefan Bethke pisze:

> Am 08.01.2019 um 10:34 schrieb Marek Zarychta <[hidden email]>:
>> W dniu 03.01.2019 o 14:13, Stefan Bethke pisze:
>>>> I have under supervision a few old servers running 11.2-STABLE. The
>>>> hardware is almost for retirement, but still in working condition. It's
>>>> all old Nocona NetBurst microarchitecture. I have recently tried do
>>>> upgrade OS two of them to 12.0-STABLE, but failed. When I use old
>>>> bootloader the boot freezes on blue highlighted "Booting" stage, when I
>>>> tried to use 12 loader, it freezes earlier, on loading kernel modules.
>>>> The kernel was compiled from fresh sources for CPUTYPE?=nocona.
>>>> 11.2-STABLE is fine with this optimization and the same kernel boots
>>>> fine on newer hardware.
>>>>
>>>> It is fair, that 11 EOL is expected September 30, 2021 and these servers
>>>> will likely be retired before this date, but some questions arise:
>>>>
>>>> Is such old hardware still supported? Is it possible (how to) debug the
>>>> booting process?
>>> The first step is to try with known-good bits: can you boot these machines off the 12.0 ISO or memstick images? Can you load your kernel and modules with the loader from the ISO/memstick? Does GENERIC built without any flags work?
>>>
>>> If any of these don’t work, try to be as specific as possible when reporting problems. For example, the exact make of mainboard (kenv output) and the BIOS version, and any relevant BIOS settings are likely important for problems regarding the loader. If the kernel and modules load, you can try a verbose boot to see better how far the kernel gets.
>>>
>>> I’d be really surprised if the CPUs themselves would cause trouble.
>>
>> The first step is done. The affected hardware doesn't boot from official
>> 12.0-RELEASE CD either. Loader also freezes at the stage of loading
>> kernel modules. These servers are old Maxdata Platinum 500 and 3200.
>> Some time ago I have submitted dmesgs to NYC BUG dmesg repository[1][2].
>>
>> Both configurations are fine with 11-STABLE, so I am not going to
>> upgrade them and I am replying only FYI.
>>
>>
>> [1] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=3790 <https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=3790>
>> [2] https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=4111 <https://dmesgd.nycbug.org/index.cgi?do=view&id=4111>
> I think it would be great to get some input from someone familiar with the new loader. I’ve cc’ed Warner, Kyle and Toomas, as they were listed in the quarterly status report.
>
After recent MFCs LUA loader became available in 11-STABLE branch. I
have tested it on this old hardware using freshly built r344482. I must
admit the LUA loader on this hardware loads and boots 11-STABLE kernel
flawlessly in root on ZFS environment. The only caveat was that
kernel.old haven't been listed under "5" key, but it wasn't tested
intensely so the error could be temporary or nonexistent.


Nothing changed with regard to booting FreeBSD 12 on this hardware. I
have tried to boot the recent 12-STABLE kernel. The kernel and all
modules were loaded (in the same manner as previously loader 4th did),
but instead of booting machine froze at this stage, so the breakage is
elsewhere.

--
Marek Zarychta



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