FreeBSD Quarterly Status Report - Fourth Quarter 2020

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FreeBSD Quarterly Status Report - Fourth Quarter 2020

Daniel Ebdrup Jensen
FreeBSD Project Quarterly Status Report - Fourth Quarter 2020

Introduction

   This report covers FreeBSD related projects for the period
   between October and December, and is the fourth of four planned
   reports for 2020.

   This quarter had quite a lot of work done, including but
   certainly not limited to, in areas relating to everything from
   multiple architectures such as x86, aarch64, riscv, and ppc64
   for both base and ports, over kernel changes such as vectored
   aio, routing lookups and multipathing, an alternative random(4)
   implementation, zstd integration for kernel dumps, log
   compression, zfs and preparations for pkg(8), along with wifi
   changes, changes to the toolchain like the new elfctl utility,
   and all the way to big changes like the git migration and
   moving the documentation from DocBook to Hugo/AsciiDoctor, as
   well as many other things too numerous to mention in an
   introduction.

   This report with 42 entries, which don't hold the answer to
   life, the universe and everything, couldn't have happened
   without all the people doing the work also writing an entry for
   the report, so the quarterly team would like to thank them, as
   otherwise, we wouldn't have anything to do.

   Please note that the deadline for submissions covering the
   period between January and March is March 31st.

   We hope you'll enjoy reading as much as we enjoyed compiling
   it. Daniel Ebdrup Jensen, on behalf of the quarterly team.
     __________________________________________________________

FreeBSD Team Reports

     * FreeBSD Foundation
     * FreeBSD Release Engineering Team
     * Cluster Administration Team
     * Continuous Integration
     * Ports Collection
     * Office Hours

Projects

     * GPL in Base
     * Git Migration Working Group
     * Linux compatibility layer update
     * LLDB Debugger Improvements
     * Upstreaming NetApp Changes
     * NFS over TLS implementation
     * OpenBSM Synchronisation
     * Tool Chain

Kernel

     * ENA FreeBSD Driver Update
     * Intel wireless update
     * Fenestras X random(4)
     * pf performance improvement
     * IP Routing lookup improvements
     * Scalable routing multipath support
     * Thunderbolt3/USB4 stack
     * Vectored AIO
     * ZSTD Compression in ZFS

Architectures

     * arm64 platform updatesq
     * FreeBSD/RISC-V Project

Userland Programs

     * Dual-stack ping command

Ports

     * KDE on FreeBSD
     * FreeBSD Office team
     * Ports On Non-x86 Architectures
     * Python 2.7 removal from Ports
     * Xfce on FreeBSD

Documentation

     * FreeBSD Translations on Weblate
     * DOCNG on FreeBSD

Miscellaneous

     * Prometheus NFS Exporter

Third-Party Projects

     * FreeBSD Aarch64 under VMWare ESXi-ARM Fling
     * Bastille
     * CheriBSD
     * Embedded Lab Project
     * helloSystem
     * K8S-bhyve
     * Puppet
     __________________________________________________________

FreeBSD Team Reports

   Entries from the various official and semi-official teams, as
   found in the Administration Page.

FreeBSD Foundation

   Contact: Deb Goodkin <[hidden email]>

   The FreeBSD Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization
   dedicated to supporting and promoting the FreeBSD Project and
   community worldwide. Funding comes from individual and
   corporate donations and is used to fund and manage software
   development projects, conferences and developer summits, and
   provide travel grants to FreeBSD contributors. The Foundation
   purchases and supports hardware to improve and maintain FreeBSD
   infrastructure and provides resources to improve security,
   quality assurance, and release engineering efforts; publishes
   marketing material to promote, educate, and advocate for the
   FreeBSD Project; facilitates collaboration between commercial
   vendors and FreeBSD developers; and finally, represents the
   FreeBSD Project in executing contracts, license agreements, and
   other legal arrangements that require a recognized legal
   entity.

   Here are some highlights of what we did to help FreeBSD last
   quarter:

COVID-19 Impact to the Foundation

   Like most organizations, we transitioned all of our staff to
   work from home. We also put a temporary ban on travel for staff
   members, which didn't affect our output too much, since most
   conferences went virtual. We continued supporting the community
   and Project, even though some of our work and responses may
   have been delayed because of changes in some of our priorities
   and the impact of limited childcare for a few of our staff
   members.

Partnerships and Commercial User Support

   We help facilitate collaboration between commercial users and
   FreeBSD developers. We also meet with companies to discuss
   their needs and bring that information back to the Project. Not
   surprisingly, the stay at home orders, combined with our
   company ban on travel during Q4 made in-person meetings
   non-existent. However, the team was able to continue meeting
   with our partners and commercial users virtually. These
   meetings help us understand some of the applications where
   FreeBSD is used.

   An event we help plan and organize, that helps with
   vendor/developer engagement, is the annual Bay Area Vendor
   Summit. We weren't going to let a pandemic stop us from holding
   this invaluable yearly event, so we went virtual! From the
   feedback we received from the vendor community on how we should
   run this, so it would be beneficial for them, we decided to
   hold this over 3 half days in November. One unexpected result
   was that more commercial users from around the world attended.
   Since a Vendor/Developer Summit is typically invitation only,
   we opened this up to FreeBSD contributors from around the world
   to watch the livestream. Because of the success and excitement
   of this event, we are planning to hold another one around June
   or July.

Fundraising Efforts

   We want to take a moment to say thank you to all the
   individuals and corporations that stepped up to help fund our
   efforts last year. As of this writing, we raised $1,235,926,
   and will have the final tally by mid-January. The companies
   that gave generous financial contributions include Arm, NetApp,
   Netflix, Juniper Networks, Beckhoff, VMware, Stormshield,
   Tarsnap, and Google. We also want to say thank you to the Koum
   Family Foundation for awarding us a large grant, and to "the
   employees of Ngnix" who also made generous financial
   contributions.

   We truly appreciate these large contributions, which makes the
   most impact on how much we can contribute back to the Project.
   However, it's the individual donations that have the most
   meaning to us. Those are the folks who are giving because they
   trust we will invest their personal donations, whether large or
   small, into improving the operating system and Project. As
   stewards of your donations, we want to thank you for your trust
   in us and your commitment to making FreeBSD the best platform
   for products, education, research, computing, and more.

   You'll find out how we used your donations for Q4 in our
   report, as well as in individual reports throughout this status
   report.

   Though we know this is a Q4 status report, we are excited about
   our plans for 2021, including growing our software development
   team! We'll be posting two job descriptions for a Senior
   Software Developer and Project Coordinator soon.

   Please consider making a donation to help us continue and
   increase our support for FreeBSD in 2021:
   https://www.FreeBSDfoundation.org/donate/.

   We also have the Partnership Program, to provide more benefits
   for our larger commercial donors. Find out more information at
   https://www.FreeBSDfoundation.org/FreeBSD-foundation-partnership-program/
   and share with your companies!

OS Improvements

   The Foundation provided many project grants over the last
   quarter, and you can read about OpenZFS Zstd support,
   Linuxulator application compatibility improvements, LLDB target
   support, test lab infrastructure, and WiFi projects in other
   entries in this quarterly report.

   The Foundation hired six co-op students from the University of
   Waterloo during the 2020 fall term, as well as one intern.
   Former co-op student Tiger returned, and new students Yang and
   Zac joined us for the first time.

   Tiger worked on improvements to the code-coverage guided kernel
   fuzzing tool Syzkaller, adding new system call definitions so
   that Syzkaller can expand the code it tests. A number of
   FreeBSD kernel bug fixes have already resulted from this work.
   Tiger also contributed a number of improvements to the ELF Tool
   Chain set of binary utilities, and worked on tooling to run
   tests from other tool suites against ELF Tool Chain.

   Zac worked on an improvement to the pkg package management
   tool, investigating and upstreaming patches for FreeBSD support
   in FreePBX, and investigating compiler support for addressing
   the stack clash vulnerability.

   Yang investigated and fixed a compilation bug with the kernel's
   Skein-1024 assembly implementation (used by ZFS), and then a
   number of projects related to Capsicum: applying Capsicum to
   sort(1), implementing a Capsicum service to execute utilities,
   and finally working with developers of the Game of Trees (got)
   version control system to adapt it for Capsicum support.

   Our intern Ka Ho focused on improving the desktop experience of
   the FreeBSD. He fixed and improved many items of OBS (Open
   Broadcaster Software) on FreeBSD, worked on FreeBSD native
   audio support on Firefox, adding a facility that user-space
   audio programs could make use of to enumerate a list of audio
   devices. He also ported the fcitx5 input method framework.

   The five Foundation staff members continued contributions in
   2020 in both ongoing operational tasks (including the Git
   working group and security team) and software development for a
   number of projects.

   Staff members responded to reported security vulnerabilities
   and release errata, prepared patches, and participated in the
   security advisory process. We also worked on proactive security
   vulnerability mitigations. Syzkaller also provided many reports
   of kernel issues that resulted in Foundation-sponsored bug
   fixes. We worked on several issues relating to FreeBSD/arm64 to
   move it along the path of being a Tier-1 architecture.

   We participated in code reviews and supported community members
   in integrating changes into FreeBSD, and triaged incoming bug
   reports.

   We contributed enhancements to many kernel and userland
   subsystems, including the x86 pmap layer, ELF run-time linker
   and kernel loader, the Capsicum sandboxing framework and Casper
   services, the threading library, some RISC-V changes, the build
   system, tool chain and freebsd-update, network stack stability
   improvements, machine-dependent optimizations, new kernel
   interfaces, DTrace bug fixes, documentation improvements, and
   others.

   ### Continuous Integration and Quality Assurance

   The Foundation provides a full-time staff member and funds
   projects on improving continuous integration, automated
   testing, and overall quality assurance efforts for the FreeBSD
   Project.

   During the fourth quarter of 2020, Foundation staff continued
   improving and monitoring the Project's CI infrastructure, and
   working with experts to fix the failing builds and the
   regressions found by tests. The work was focused on pre-commit
   tests and development of the CI staging environment. The other
   main working item is working on the VCS migration to change the
   src and doc source from Subversion to Git. There are also many
   work-in-progress tasks like analysis and improve the tests of
   non-x86 platforms.

   See the FreeBSD CI section of this report for completed work
   items and detailed information.

Supporting FreeBSD Infrastructure

   The Foundation provides hardware and support to improve the
   FreeBSD infrastructure. Last quarter, we continued supporting
   FreeBSD hardware located around the world. We coordinated
   efforts between the new NYI Chicago facility and clusteradm to
   start working on getting the facility prepared for some of the
   new FreeBSD hardware we are planning on purchasing. NYI
   generously provides this for free to the Project. We also
   worked on connecting with the new owners of the NYI Bridgewater
   site, where most of the existing FreeBSD infrastructure is
   located.

   Some of the purchases we made for the Project last quarter to
   support infrastructure includes:
     * 5 application servers to run tasks like bugzilla, wiki,
       website, cgi, Phabricator, host git, etc.
     * 1 server to replace the old pkg server, which will provide
       a lot more IOPS to avoid the slowdowns seen during peak
       times of the day where the disks simply cannot keep up with
       the request volume.
     * 1 server for exp-runs and to make them faster.
     * 1 server to build packages more frequently.

FreeBSD Advocacy and Education

   A large part of our efforts are dedicated to advocating for the
   Project. This includes promoting work being done by others with
   FreeBSD; producing advocacy literature to teach people about
   FreeBSD and help make the path to starting using FreeBSD or
   contributing to the Project easier; and attending and getting
   other FreeBSD contributors to volunteer to run FreeBSD events,
   staff FreeBSD tables, and give FreeBSD presentations.

   The FreeBSD Foundation sponsors many conferences, events, and
   summits around the globe. These events can be BSD-related, open
   source, or technology events geared towards underrepresented
   groups. We support the FreeBSD-focused events to help provide a
   venue for sharing knowledge, to work together on projects, and
   to facilitate collaboration between developers and commercial
   users. This all helps provide a healthy ecosystem. We support
   the non-FreeBSD events to promote and raise awareness of
   FreeBSD, to increase the use of FreeBSD in different
   applications, and to recruit more contributors to the Project.

   While we were still unable to attend in-person meetings due to
   COVID-19, we were able to attend virtual events at new venues
   and facilitate the first online FreeBSD Vendor Summit. In
   addition to attending and planning virtual events, we are
   continually working on new training initiatives and updating
   our selection of how-to guides to facilitate getting more folks
   to try out FreeBSD.

   Check out some of the advocacy and education work we did last
   quarter:
     * Continued our FreeBSD Fridays series of 101 classes. Topics
       included an Introduction to Capsicum, Introduction to
       Bhyve, Introduction to DTrace, and more. Videos of the past
       sessions can be found here. We'll be back with new sessions
       in early 2021.
     * Gave a FreeBSD talk at the nerdear.la conference on October
       20th.
     * Participated in the podcast: What the Dev: A Dive into the
       FreeBSD Foundation on its 20th Anniversary
     * Promoted the Foundation's 20th Anniversary in the FossBytes
       article: 20 Years of The FreeBSD Foundation
     * Continued to promote the FreeBSD Office Hours series.
       Videos from the one hour sessions can be found on the
       Project's YouTube Channel. See the Office Hours section of
       this report for more information.
     * Added two new How-To Guides: Contributing FreeBSD
       Documentation and How to Submit a Bug Report.
     * Worked with the organizing committee to host the November
       2020 Vendor Summit
     * Promoted the use of FreeBSD in regards to CHERI and ARM's
       Morello Processor
     * Authored a Beginners Guide to FreeBSD for Fosslife.
     * Sponsored All Things Open as a Media Sponsor.
     * Sponsored OpenZFS Developers Summit at the Bronze level.
     * Applied for a virtual stand at FOSDEM 2021.
     * Committed to attend the online Apricot 2021.

   Keep up to date with our latest work in our newsletters:

   https://www.freebsdfoundation.org/news-and-events/newsletter/

   Netflix provided an update on how and why they use FreeBSD in
   our latest Contributor Case Study.

   We help educate the world about FreeBSD by publishing the
   professionally produced FreeBSD Journal. As we mentioned
   previously, the FreeBSD Journal is now a free publication. Find
   out more and access the latest issues at
   https://www.FreeBSDfoundation.org/journal/.

   You can find out more about events we attended and upcoming
   events at https://www.FreeBSDfoundation.org/news-and-events/.

Legal/FreeBSD IP

   The Foundation owns the FreeBSD trademarks, and it is our
   responsibility to protect them. We also provide legal support
   for the core team to investigate questions that arise.

   Go to http://www.FreeBSDfoundation.org to find out how we
   support FreeBSD and how we can help you!
     __________________________________________________________

FreeBSD Release Engineering Team

   Links
   FreeBSD 12.2-RELEASE schedule
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.2R/schedule.html
   FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE schedule
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/releases/13.0R/schedule.html
   FreeBSD development snapshots
    URL: https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/snapshots/ISO-IMAGES/

   Contact: FreeBSD Release Engineering Team <[hidden email]>

   The FreeBSD Release Engineering Team is responsible for setting
   and publishing release schedules for official project releases
   of FreeBSD, announcing code freezes and maintaining the
   respective branches, among other things.

   During the fourth quarter of 2020, the Release Engineering Team
   completed work on 12.2-RELEASE, the third release from the
   stable/12 branch, released on October 27. Thank you to all
   involved for the hard work that went into this release.

   Additionally throughout the quarter, several development
   snapshots builds were released for the head, stable/12, and
   stable/11 branches. Development snapshot builds for
   13.0-CURRENT have recently been built from the Git tree within
   the project, while further snapshot builds for 12.x and 11.x
   will continue to be built from Subversion. As we approach the
   end of 2020, continued preparations are being put in place for
   the upcoming 13.0 release, which will be the first release from
   Git.

   Much of this work was sponsored by Rubicon Communications, LLC
   (netgate.com) and the FreeBSD Foundation.
     __________________________________________________________

Cluster Administration Team

   Links
   Cluster Administration Team members
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/administration.html#t-clusteradm

   Contact: Cluster Administration Team <[hidden email]>

   The FreeBSD Cluster Administration Team consists of the people
   responsible for administering the machines that the Project
   relies on for its distributed work and communications to be
   synchronised. In this quarter, the team has worked on the
   following:
     * Finished setting up the Malaysia mirror site, generously
       hosted by the Malaysian Research & Education Network.
       Traffic from Oceania and parts of Asia is now going to this
       mirror instead of farther away sites like Japan and
       California.
     * Upgraded the package building machines to a version of head
       from mid-October 2020.
     * Upgraded developer machines in the cluster (freefall, ref\*
       and universe\*) to a version of head from mid-October 2020.
     * Installed eight new x86 servers in our New Jersey site:
       five application servers, two package builders and one
       mirror server.
          + The new mirror server is in production
            (pkg0.nyi.freebsd.org).
          + The two package builders are in production.
          + Two of the application servers have been put into
            production as the Git source of truth and the cgit web
            frontend, respectively.
     * Installed two new aarch64 servers in our New Jersey site.
       Both are now building aarch64 packages.
     * Fixed package mirror synchronisation for powerpc64
       packages.
     * Rebuilt the ZFS pool on the UK mirror server
       (pkg0.bme.freebsd.org) for better I/O parallelism. This
       should improve download performance especially at peak
       times.
     * Ongoing systems administration work:
          + Accounts management for committers.
          + Backups of critical infrastructure.
          + Keeping up with security updates in 3rd party
            software.

   Work in progress:
     * Hardware refreshing for web services, backup version
       control system in NYI
     * Upgrading production machines in the FreeBSD cluster to
       12.2
          + Most machines have been upgraded as of mid-December
            2020
          + Remaining machines will be decommissioned / repurposed
            after services migrate to newer hardware
     * Supporting Git migration and infrastructure setup
     * powerpc pkgbuilder/ref/universal machines
     * Preparations for a new mirror site in Australia, to be
       hosted by IX Australia.
     * Setup Brazil (BRA) mirror.
     * Review the service jails and service administrators
       operation.
     * Searching for more providers that can fit the requirements
       for a generic mirrored layout or a tiny mirror.
     __________________________________________________________

Continuous Integration

   Links
   FreeBSD Jenkins Instance
    URL: https://ci.FreeBSD.org
   FreeBSD Hardware Testing Lab
    URL: https://ci.FreeBSD.org/hwlab
   FreeBSD CI artifact archive
    URL: https://artifact.ci.FreeBSD.org
   FreeBSD CI weekly report
    URL: https://hackmd.io/@FreeBSD-CI
   FreeBSD Jenkins wiki
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/Jenkins
   Hosted CI wiki
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/HostedCI
   3rd Party Software CI
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/3rdPartySoftwareCI
   Tickets related to freebsd-testing@
    URL: https://preview.tinyurl.com/y9maauwg
   FreeBSD CI Repository
    URL: https://github.com/freebsd/freebsd-ci

   Contact: Jenkins Admin <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Li-Wen Hsu <[hidden email]>

   Contact: freebsd-testing Mailing List
   Contact: IRC #freebsd-ci channel on EFNet

   The FreeBSD CI team maintains the continuous integration system
   of the FreeBSD project. The CI system firstly checks the
   committed changes can be successfully built, then performs
   various tests and analysis over the newly built results. The
   artifacts from those builds are archived in the artifact server
   for further testing and debugging needs. The CI team members
   examine the failing builds and unstable tests and work with the
   experts in that area to fix the code or adjust test
   infrastructure. The details of these efforts are available in
   the weekly CI reports.

   During the fourth quarter of 2020, we continued working with
   the contributors and developers in the project to fulfil their
   testing needs and also keep collaborating with external
   projects and companies to improve their products and FreeBSD.

   Important changes:
     * doc jobs were changed to use git to follow VCS migration:
          + https://ci.freebsd.org/job/FreeBSD-doc-main/
          + https://ci.freebsd.org/job/FreeBSD-doc-main-igor/
            Thanks Brandon Bergren (bdragon@)
     * head and stable/12 build environment have been upgraded to
       12.2-RELEASE

   New jobs added:
     * LINT kernel of head on riscv64

   Work in progress:
     * Follow VCS migration, change src jobs to use Git - PRs are
       available Thanks Brandon Bergren (bdragon@)
     * Collecting and sorting CI tasks and ideas here
     * Testing and merging pull requests in the the FreeBSD-ci
       repo
     * Designing and implementing pre-commit CI building and
       testing
     * Reducing the procedures of CI/test environment setting up
       for contributors and developers
     * Setting up the CI stage environment and putting the
       experimental jobs on it
     * Setting up public network access for the VM guest running
       tests
     * Implementing automatic tests on bare metal hardware
     * Adding drm ports building tests against -CURRENT
     * Planning to run ztest and network stack tests
     * Adding more external toolchain related jobs
     * Improving the hardware lab to be more mature and adding
       more hardware
     * Helping more software get FreeBSD support in their CI
       pipeline Wiki pages: 3rdPartySoftwareCI, HostedCI
     * Working with hosted CI providers to have better FreeBSD
       support
     * The build and test results will be sent to the dev-ci
       mailing list soon. Feedback and help with analysis is very
       appreciated!

   Please see freebsd-testing@ related tickets for more WIP
   information, and don't hesitate to join the effort!

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

Ports Collection

   Links
   About FreeBSD Ports
    URL: https://www.FreeBSD.org/ports/
   Contributing to Ports
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/contributing/ports-contributing.html
   FreeBSD Ports Monitoring
    URL: http://portsmon.freebsd.org/index.html
   Ports Management Team
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/portmgr/index.html
   Ports Tarball
    URL: http://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/ports/

   Contact: René Ladan <[hidden email]>
   Contact: FreeBSD Ports Management Team <[hidden email]>

   The Ports Management Team is responsible for overseeing the
   overall direction of the Ports Tree, building packages, and
   personnel matters. Below is what happened in the last quarter.

   For the last quarter the dashboard looks like:
     * 41500 ports (including flavors)
     * 2516 open PRs of which 625 are unassigned
     * 8715 commits to the HEAD branch by 164 committers
     * 420 commits to the 2020Q4 branch by 59 committers

   Compared to the third quarter, the PR statistics mostly stayed
   the same. There

   were slightly fewer commits by the same number of people. The
   number of ports again grew steadily, this time by almost 4
   percent.

   During the last quarter, we welcomed Juray Lutter (otis@) as a
   new ports committer and said goodbye to cpm, jadawin, knu,
   araujo, mmokhi and scottl.

   Traditionally merges to the quarterly ports branches, which are
   more conservative versions of the HEAD tree, required approval
   of either the Ports Security Team (ports-secteam@) or portgmr@.
   There were already a number of blanket approvals for tested
   commits, ranging from fixing typing mistakes to upgrading web
   browsers to their latest version. As of last December, all
   ports committers are free to merge on their own, lessening the
   burden on ports-secteam@.

   Patent limitations have been disconnected from the license
   framework, given that patents are a complex topic with
   implications varying from one jurisdiction to another.

   The last quarter saw a number of updates to default versions of
   ports:
     * librsvg2: "rust" on supported platforms, "legacy" otherwise
     * Mono: 5.10
     * FPC switched to 3.2.0
     * GCC switched to 10 for powerpc64le
     * Lazarus switched to 2.0.10
     * Ruby switched to 2.7.X
     * Samba switched to 4.12

   During the last quarter, a new virtual category was added:
   "education" for ports

   that for instance help the user to learn about a certain topic
   or help facilitating examinations.

   The @shell and @sample keywords have been rewritten in Lua
   which makes root-dir compliant (see pkg -r) and ensures they
   are Capsicum-sandboxed.

   The last quarter also saw updates to several user-facing ports:
     * Firefox 84.0.1
     * Firefox-esr 78.6.0
     * Chromium 87.0.4280.88
     * Ruby 2.7.2
     * Qt5 5.15.2
     * XFce 4.16

   As always, antoine@ was busy running exp-runs, 37 this quarter,
   testing:
     * various ports upgrades
     * changing sys/cdefs.h in base
     * adding "set pipefail" to most framework scripts to catch
       errors earlier
     * changing the default locale to C.UTF-8 in base
     * using bsdgrep as /usr/bin/grep
     __________________________________________________________

Office Hours

   Contact: Allan Jude <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Ed Maste <[hidden email]>

   During the final quarter of 2020 three office hours sessions
   were held.

   The first was hosted by the core team in a time slot conducive
   to Asia and Australia, covering topics including the transition
   to git, recruiting for project teams, and core's todo list.

   The second was hosted by the git transition team, and answered
   attendee questions about the transition to git and how it would
   impact the project's workflows.

   The third session was hosted by bhyve maintainers Peter Grehan
   and John Baldwin to present recent development efforts and
   answer questions about bhyve.

   The project is looking for volunteers to host future office
   hours sessions, as well as taking topic suggestions. We also
   hope to improve the system to allow people to submit questions
   ahead of time, so that we can take maximum advantage of subject
   matter experts when we have them for these calls.

   You can find the schedule for future office hours, and videos
   of past office hours on the FreeBSD Wiki

   Sponsor: ScaleEngine Inc.
     __________________________________________________________

Projects

   Projects that span multiple categories, from the kernel and
   userspace to the Ports Collection or external projects.

GPL in Base

   Links
   GPL Software in the Base System
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/GPLinBase

   Contact: Ed Maste <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Kyle Evans <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Baptiste Daroussin <[hidden email]>

   A long-standing goal of the FreeBSD project is for the base
   system to migrate to modern, copyfree or more permissively
   licensed components. In this quarter, the following components
   have been successfully removed or replaced:
     * gdb (removed in favor of lldb in base or devel/gdb in
       ports)
     * gnugrep (replaced with bsdgrep)
     * libgnuregex (removed)

   The following component(s) have yet to be claimed. Some
   replacement prospects

   may be listed on the above-linked wiki page. Interested parties
   are welcome to evaluate the options to restart the discussion:
     * dialog
     * gcov (kernel)

   The following component(s) have a principal investigator to
   coordinate work.

   Note that partial completion likely means that a component is
   partially compatible, but could use evaluation and patches to
   bring parity with the component that it is replacing.
     * diff3 (Contact bapt@ if interested)
     __________________________________________________________

Git Migration Working Group

   Links
   src (base system) git repo
    URL: https://cgit.FreeBSD.org/src
   doc git repo
    URL: https://cgit.FreeBSD.org/doc
   Beta ports git repo
    URL: https://cgit-dev.FreeBSD.org/ports
   Warner's git documentation repo
    URL: https://github.com/bsdimp/freebsd-git-docs
   FreeBSD-git mailing list
    URL: https://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-git
   Git conversion tooling repo
    URL: https://github.com/freebsd/git_conv
   Game of Trees
    URL: http://gameoftrees.org/
   gitup
    URL: https://github.com/johnmehr/gitup

   Contact: Li-Wen Hsu <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Warner Losh <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Ed Maste <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Ulrich Spörlein <[hidden email]>

   The Git working group largely completed the migration of the
   doc and src (base system) trees from Subversion to Git in
   December 2020. We are currently working on some minor
   outstanding issues and preparing for the ports tree migration.

   We set up new hosts to serve as the Git repositories and
   mirrors, and developed commit hooks for restrictions on commits
   to various branches, generation of commit mail, and similar
   needs.

   The doc tree migration occurred on December 8th and 9th. After
   the conversion some minor changes to the documentation build
   infrastructure were necessary.

   The src tree migration occurred between December 20th and 23rd
   for the main branch; some additional tasks occurred over the
   next week or so. These included enabling the stable branches,
   vendor (contrib) code updates, and the git->svn gateway. We are
   translating stable branch commits to Subversion for the
   stable/11 and stable/12 branches and associated release
   branches. This allows FreeBSD users who follow stable branches
   or releases to continue using existing processes and tooling.

   An experimental Git conversion of the ports tree is available
   at the link above. There are some unique challenges in the
   ports tree (that do not impact the doc or src repos in the same
   way), so additional work is ongoing. The window for migrating
   the ports tree is immediately prior to a quarterly branch, so
   we anticipate a migration at the end of March 2021. Over the
   next few months testing of the experimental ports repo is very
   welcome.

   Process documentation for developer and user interaction with
   FreeBSD's repositories is currently available in Warner's
   GitHub repository at the link above. It will be moved to the
   FreeBSD developer's handbook and/or other suitable locations
   following the documentation project's asciidoc conversion.

   The working group is experimenting with two
   permissively-licensed tools that are compatible with Git
   servers or repositories. Game of Trees is a version control
   system that is compatible with Git repositories. It is being
   developed by Stefan Sperling along with some OpenBSD developers
   and other contributions.

   John Mehr's gitup is a minimal, dependency-free program that
   clones and synchronizes a local tree with a remote repository.
   It is intended for use cases that would otherwise be served by
   tools like portsnap.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation (in part)
     __________________________________________________________

Linux compatibility layer update

   Contact: Edward Tomasz Napierala <[hidden email]>

   Linuxulator improvements have been ongoing for the last two
   years, with support from the FreeBSD foundation over a few
   distinct project grants as well as contributions from the
   community. The goal of this project is to improve FreeBSD's
   ability to execute unmodified Linux binaries. Current status is
   being tracked at Linux app status Wiki page. The work has now
   shifted from command-line apps to desktop applications.

   There wasn't much Foundation-sponsored work done during this
   quarter, apart from extending fuse(4) to make it possible to
   run Linux FUSE servers, which is one of the things required to
   run AppImages. The Foundation-sponsored effort will continue
   into the first quarter of 2021 in order to make sure the
   13.0-RELEASE ships with Linuxulator in a good shape.

   There was a very significant contribution from Conrad Meyer in
   the form of SO_PASSCRED setsockopt(2) support, PR_SETDUMPABLE
   and PR_GETDUMPABLE prctl(2) flags, and also CLONE_FS and
   CLONE_FILES handling. This, along with some more cleanups and
   improvements, leads to working Linux Chromium; it has been
   tested with Netflix and Spotify clients. It still requires
   three flags (--no-sandbox --no-zygote --in-process-gpu) to be
   passed on the command line to work around missing
   functionality, though. Also, the name_to_handle_at(2) and
   open_by_handle_at(2) syscalls are now supported. There are also
   much better debug messages for unrecognized socket options.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

LLDB Debugger Improvements

   Links
   Moritz Systems Project Description
    URL: https://www.moritz.systems/blog/lldb-debugger-improvements-for-freebsd/
   FreeBSD Foundation Blog
    URL: https://freebsdfoundation.org/blog/guest-blog-foundation-sponsors-freebsd-lldb-improvements/
   Git Repository
    URL: https://github.com/moritz-systems/llvm-project

   Contact: Kamil Rytarowski <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Michal/ Górny <[hidden email]>

   The LLDB project builds on libraries provided by LLVM and Clang
   to provide a great modern debugger. It uses the Clang ASTs and
   the expression parser, LLVM JIT, LLVM disassembler, etc so that
   it provides an experience that "just works". It is also blazing
   fast and more permissively licensed than GDB, the GNU Debugger.

   LLDB is the default debugger in Xcode on macOS and supports
   debugging C, Objective-C, and C++ on the desktop and iOS
   devices and the simulator.

   FreeBSD includes LLDB in the base system. At present, it has
   some limitations in comparison with the GNU GDB debugger, and
   does not yet provide a complete replacement. It used to rely on
   an obsolete plugin model in LLDB that was a growing technical
   debt. This project aimed to bring LLDB closer to a fully
   featured replacement for GDB, and therefore for FreeBSD to
   feature a modern debugger for software developers.

   The legacy monolithic target support executed the application
   being debugged in the same process space as the debugger. The
   modern LLDB plugin approach, used on other supported targets,
   executes the target process under a separate lldb-server
   process. This improves reliability and simplifies the process /
   thread model in LLDB itself. In addition, remote and local
   debugging is now performed using the same approach.

   After the migration to the new process model on 32 and 64-bit
   x86 CPUs, the project focused on reviewing the results of
   LLDB's test suite and fixing tests as time permits.

   During the Moritz Systems work, the FreeBSD Project gained
   numerous important improvements: in the kernel, userland base
   libraries (the dynamic loader) and the LLVM toolchain FreeBSD
   support.

   The introduced changes are expected to be shipped with LLDB
   12.0, and where applicable in FreeBSD 13.0.

   The overall experience of FreeBSD/LLDB developers and advanced
   users on this rock solid Operating System reached the state
   known from other environments. Furthermore, the FreeBSD-focused
   work also resulted in generic improvements, enhancing the LLDB
   support for Linux and NetBSD.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

Upstreaming NetApp Changes

   Links
   Klara Inc.
    URL: https://klarasystems.com/freebsd-development/

   Contact: Alexander Sideropoulos
   <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Allan Jude <[hidden email]>

   NetApp has started an effort to upstream bug fixes and other
   improvements from the ONTAP code line into FreeBSD. These
   changes benefit the FreeBSD community by providing many fixes
   that NetApp has made over the past few years, while allowing
   NetApp to reduce the number of customizations needed when
   bringing in the latest FreeBSD changes back into the ONTAP
   tree.

   NetApp has partnered with Klara to facilitate this project, to
   help identify interesting and useful changes to send upstream,
   to rework and generalize those changes as required to make them
   suitable for upstreaming, and to shepherd them through the
   FreeBSD code review process.

   During the fourth quarter, Klara has made 40 upstream fixes in
   the FreeBSD kernel in various subsystems including geom, dev,
   amd64, net, kern, netinet, and several other areas of the tree
   on behalf of NetApp.

   NetApp intends to continue to sponsor this effort throughout
   2021.

   Sponsor: NetApp
     __________________________________________________________

NFS over TLS implementation

   Contact: Rick Macklem <[hidden email]>

   In an effort to improve NFS security, an Internet Draft titled
   "Towards Remote Procedure Call Encryption By Default" specifies
   use of TLS 1.3 to encrypt all data traffic on a Sun RPC
   connection used for NFS.

   Although NFS has been able to use sec=krb5p to encrypt data on
   the wire, this requires a Kerberos environment and, as such,
   has not been widely adopted. It also required that
   encryption/decryption be done in software, since only the RPC
   message NFS arguments are encrypted. Since Kernel TLS is
   capable of using hardware assist to improve performance and
   does not require Kerberos, NFS over TLS may be more widely
   adopted, once implementations are available.

   The coding for this project has now been completed. All
   required changes to the NFS and kernel RPC code have been
   committed to the head/current kernel and will be in FreeBSD13.
   The daemons can now be built from a port that depends upon the
   security/openssl-devel port of Openssl3 that includes patches
   for support of ktls. The port for the daemons is called
   sysutils/nfs-over-tls and should be committed to the ports
   framework soon. In the meantime, the port can easily be
   fetched, as described in
   https://people.freebsd.org/~rmacklem/nfs-over-tls-setup.txt.

   To support clients such as laptops, the daemons that perform
   the TLS handshake may optionally handle client X.509
   certificates from a site local CA. There are now exports(5)
   options to require client(s) to provide a valid X.509
   certificate. The case where a "user" name is stored in the
   certificate and is used to map all RPC credentials to that user
   is probably in violation of the Internet Draft. This is only
   enabled when the "-u" command line option is provided to
   rpc.tlsservd(8).

   The code is now available for testing. See:
   https://people.freebsd.org/~rmacklem/nfs-over-tls-setup.txt
   Setting up system(s) for testing still requires building a
   custom kernel with "options KERN_TLS" from recent
   head/FreeBSD13 sources plus installing the port for the
   daemons, as explained by the above document.

   The main limitation in the current implementation is that it
   uses TLS1.2 and not TLS1.3, as required by the Internet Draft.
   This should change once the KERN_TLS rx patch includes TLS1.3
   support.

   Third party testing would be appreciated.
     __________________________________________________________

OpenBSM Synchronisation

   Links
   TrustedBSD / OpenBSM
    URL: http://www.trustedbsd.org/openbsm.html
   OpenBSM Github Sources
    URL: https://github.com/openbsm/openbsm
   Synchronisation with macOS Catalina
    URL: https://github.com/openbsm/openbsm/commit/54a0c07cf8bac71554130e8f6760ca68e5f36c7f
   Apple OpenSource
    URL: https://opensource.apple.com

   Contact: Gordon Bergling <[hidden email]>

   OpenBSM is a crucial part of FreeBSD, which provides auditing
   features for the operating system. OpenBSM is incorporated into
   FreeBSD and macOS. Both Apple and FreeBSD have currently made
   changes to the OpenBSM framework, which weren't upstreamed.
   This small project aims to consolidate these changes and
   upstream them to the OpenBSM github repository, so that both
   development efforts can be merged to FreeBSD later on. The
   tricky part of this project is the manual comparison, since
   Apple doesn't provide any changelogs.

   I am currently working on on the macOS Catalina sources and
   hopefully Apple will release the sources of macOS Big Sur in
   time for FreeBSD 13.
     __________________________________________________________

Tool Chain

   Links
   ELF Tool Chain homepage
    URL: https://sourceforge.net/p/elftoolchain

   Contact: Dimitry Andric <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Ed Maste <[hidden email]>

   In October Clang/LLVM was updated to 11.0.0, followed by a
   number of bug fixes from upstream, including improvements for a
   number of Tier-2 architectures. We also enabled the
   -fstack-clash-protection flag to enable compiler mitigation for
   the "stack clash" vulnerability and are coordinating with
   upstream.

   Upstream LLDB support for FreeBSD improved substantially over
   the last quarter, as detailed elsewhere in this report. These
   improvements will make it into the FreeBSD base system early in
   2021 when LLVM is next updated to 12.0. As also mentioned
   elsewhere, we removed the obsolete copy of GDB 6.1.1.

   The ELF Tool Chain received a number of bug fixes, as well as
   support for readelf -z (handling compressed ELF debug sections)
   and an improvement to addr2line to report based on labels when
   other debug information is not available. We are working to
   upstream these changes to the ELF Tool Chain project.

   There are a number of open issues and opportunities for
   improvements in various ELF Tool Chain components.
   Contributions in these areas are very welcome,

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation (in part)
     __________________________________________________________

Kernel

   Updates to kernel subsystems/features, driver support,
   filesystems, and more.

ENA FreeBSD Driver Update

   Links
   ENA README
    URL: https://github.com/amzn/amzn-drivers/blob/master/kernel/fbsd/ena/README

   Contact: Michal Krawczyk <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Artur Rojek <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Marcin Wojtas <[hidden email]>

   ENA (Elastic Network Adapter) is the smart NIC available in the
   virtualized environment of Amazon Web Services (AWS). The ENA
   driver supports multiple transmit and receive queues and can
   handle up to 100 Gb/s of network traffic, depending on the
   instance type on which it is used.

   Completed since the last update:
     * MFC of the ENA v2.3.0 driver to the FreeBSD 11-STABLE
       branch
     * MFC of the ENA v2.3.0 driver to the upcoming FreeBSD
       12-STABLE branch
     * Add feature that allows reading extra ENI (Elastic Network
       Interface) metrics about exceeding BW/pps limits
     * Add SPDX license tag to the ENA driver files
     * Add Rx offsets (hardware feature) support for the ENA
       driver
     * Fix completion descriptors alignment for the ENA device -
       on some of the platforms ENA needs alignment to 4k

   Work in progress:
     * Introduce full kernel RSS API support.
     * Allow reconfiguration of the RSS indirection table and hash
       key
     * Prototype the driver port to the iflib framework

   Sponsor: Amazon.com Inc
     __________________________________________________________

Intel wireless update

   Links
   The freebsd-wireless mailing list
    URL: https://lists.freebsd.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-wireless

   Contact: Bjoern A. Zeeb <[hidden email]>

   The Intel Wireless driver update project aims to bring support
   for newer chipsets and also get station side to 11ac in a first
   step.

   During the last months connection code between net80211 and the
   Linux driver KPI was implemented and scanning is working.
   Currently the focus is on sending and driving one state machine
   from the other and syncing state between net80211 and the Linux
   compat code.

   In addition the driver and firmware was updated from upstream
   sources to include support for the AX210 hardware generation,
   which was already tested to attach.

   The hope is that by the time the status report gets published
   authentication and association are working and basic data
   packet passing will work soon.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

Fenestras X random(4)

   Links
   SVN revision 1/3
    URL: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=366620
   SVN revision 2/3
    URL: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=366621
   SVN revision 3/3
    URL: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=366622
   FX Design (PDF)
    URL: https://aka.ms/win10rng
   Fortuna Design
    URL: https://www.schneier.com/academic/fortuna/

   Contact: Conrad Meyer <[hidden email]>
   Contact: FreeBSD CSPRNG group <[hidden email]>

   Since FreeBSD 11, the default random(4) implementation is based
   on the Fortuna (2003) design by Ferguson and Schneier. At a
   high level, Fortuna accumulates entropy into a series of pools,
   and reseeds a single generator from some of these pools
   according to some criteria.

   In 2019, Ferguson (at Microsoft) published a whitepaper on the
   design of the Windows 10 system random number generator.
   Fenestras X is a random(4) implementation based on the
   published Windows 10 design.

   The Fenestras X / Windows 10 design is similar to Fortuna, so
   it is probably most interesting to describe their differences:
     * Fenestras X has per-CPU generators seeded from a root
       generator. Fortuna only has the root generator. This change
       eliminates lock contention between random(4) readers
       running on multiple cores.
     * Generators in Fenestras X form a tree from the root RNG.
       When read, generators efficiently check if their parent
       generator has been seeded with newer entropy. If so, child
       generators reseed themselves before serving the read
       operation. This is integrated with arc4random(9), as well
       as userspace arc4random(3).
     * Fenestras X generators are buffered. Requests smaller than
       some arbitrary threshold (currently 128 bytes) are served
       from the buffer. Bytes read from the buffer are securely
       erased when they are consumed. The buffer is refreshed if
       the request consumes more bytes than were available in the
       buffer. This amortizes the cost of rekeying and generating
       output from a cryptographic CTR-mode cipher, which is
       especially slow with AES.

   There are other important differences, and readers interested
   in system CSPRNGs

   should read Ferguson's whitepaper. It is short and accessible.
   For more information on the FreeBSD implementation, please see
   the SVN commit messages -- especially r366620.

   The Fenestras X implementation is available in CURRENT, but
   disabled by default. (The default remains Fortuna.) At this
   time, you must set the RANDOM_FENESTRASX option in your custom
   kernel configuration and rebuild your kernel to use the new
   design. There are no known bugs or weaknesses relative to the
   Fortuna implementation.

   Future work and call to action:
     * Additional design review, implementation review, and
       testing is welcome.
     * Additional entropy sources: we could use implementations of
       some of the sources described in the whitepaper, in both
       Fortuna and Fenestras X. In particular, we're missing a
       jitter entropy source.
     __________________________________________________________

pf performance improvement

   Links
   First commit
    URL: https://cgit.freebsd.org/src/commit/?id=1c00efe98ed7d103b9684ff692ffd5e3b64d0237
   D27707
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27707
   D27756
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27756
   D27757
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27757
   D27758
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27758
   D27759
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27759
   D27760
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27760
   D27761
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27761
   D27762
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27762
   D27763
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27763
   D27764
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27764

   Contact: Kristof Provost <[hidden email]>

   The performance of pf was not as good as it could be. Some
   investigation with the invaluable hwpmc tooling eventually
   pointed to very poor cache behaviour. The
   longest_lat_cache.miss event was very informative.

   This turned out to be due to pf doing packet and byte counting
   in states, rules and interfaces.

   The pf code took the very straightforward approach of having a
   simple uint64_t variable and incrementing it for every packet.
   The downside of this is that when multiple cores do it
   simultaneously the CPU ends up having to write this to memory
   very often, slowing packet processing down greatly. Happily the
   counter(9) framework is designed for this exact situation.

   One additional complication is that pf uses the same structure
   definitions for its internal data as it uses for configuration
   from user space. To avoid breaking user space these data
   structures have been decoupled. That is, where pf_rule used to
   be used both to set rules via the ioctl() interface and to
   evaluate rules while processing packets we now only use pf_rule
   for configuration. The new pf_krule structure is used when
   evaluating packets. This allows us to change the pf_krule
   structure, to change uint64_t to counter_u64_t, without
   affecting user space.

   Olivier Cochard-Labbé tested the full set of changes, and found
   (depending on hardware) substantial improvements in throughput:

   Sponsor: Orange Business Services
     __________________________________________________________

IP Routing lookup improvements

Links
Add modular routing lookup framework.
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D27401

   Contact: Alexander Chernikov <[hidden email]>

   This work adds a fib lookup framework, allowing to attach
   custom IP lookup algorithms to any routing table on the fly. It
   allows to use more performant and efficient lookup algorithms,
   dynamically selected based on the number of routes in the
   routing table. Finally, it provides an implementation of
   modified DIR-24-8 for IPv4/IPv6, speeding IP lookups for the
   large-fib use case.

   This work is a part of a larger effort to modernise the routing
   subsystem.

Background

   FreeBSD runs diverse workloads on both low-end and high-end
   devices, resulting in different networking/memory requirements
   for each case. Small boxes with a couple of routes are
   different from routers with full-view. IPv4 lookups are
   different from IPv6 ones. Conditions can change dynamically:
   one may easily reconfigure a system to receive full view
   instead of a default route.

   Currently, FreeBSD uses radix (compressed binary tree) to
   perform all unicast route manipulations, including routing
   lookups. Radix implementation requires storing key length in
   each item, allowing to use sockaddrs, transparently supporting
   virtually any address family. This flexibility comes at a cost:
   radix is relatively slow, cache-unfriendly and adds locking to
   the hot path. Finally, radix is closely coupled to the rest of
   the system, making it hard to switch to something else.

Implementation overview

Overview

   Modular fib IP lookup framework has been designed to address
   flexibility and performance requirements.

   It keeps system radix as the "control plane" source of truth,
   simplifying actual algorithms implementation. It allows dynamic
   load new algorithms as the kernel modules and abstracts most
   OS-specific details, reducing algorithm "glue" code. It
   automatically adapts to the current system state by picking the
   best matching algorithm for the routing table on-the-fly.

   The following algorithms are provided by default.

   IPv4:
     * bsearch4 (lockless binary search in a specially-crafted IP
       array), tailored for small-fib (less than 16 routes)
     * radix4_lockless (lockless immutable radix, re-created on
       every routing table change), tailored for small-fib (less
       than 1000 routes)
     * radix4 (base system radix backend)
     * dpdk_lpm4 (DPDK DIR24-8-based lookups), lockless
       datastructure optimised for large-fib ( D27412 )

   IPv6:
     * radix6_lockless: lockless immutable radix, re-created on
       every routing table change, tailored for small-fib (less
       than 1000 routes)
     * radix6: wrapper around existing system radix
     * dpdk_lpm6: DPDK DIR24-8-based lookups, lockless
       datastructure optimised for large-fib ( D27412 )

Performance changes

   Micro benchmarks (i7-7660U, single-core lookups, 2048
   destinations, benchmark code in D27604).

   IPv4:
     * 8 routes: radix4: ~20mpps, radix4_lockless: ~25mpps,
       bsearch4: ~69mpps, dpdk_lpm4: ~67 mpps
     * 700k routes: radix4_lockless: 3.3mpps, dpdk_lpm4: 46mpps

   IPv6:
     * 8 routes: radix6_lockless: ~20mpps, dpdk_lpm6: ~70mpps
     * 100k routes: radix6_lockless: ~14mpps, dpdk_lpm6: ~57mpps

   Forwarding performance:
     * +10-15% IPv4: small-fib, bsearch4
     * +25% IPv4: full-view, dpdk_lpm4
     * +20% IPv6: full-view, dpdk_lpm6

Status

     * Modular longest-prefix-match lookup algorithms (D27401) [
       DONE ]
          + Design control plane framework for attaching
            algorithms [ DONE ]
          + Port DPDK IPv6 lockless lookup algorithm ( D27412) [
            DONE ]
          + Port DPDK IPv4 lockless lookup algorithm ( D27412) [
            DONE ]
     __________________________________________________________

Scalable routing multipath support

   Links
   Implementation of scalable multipath
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D24141#change-ZOjdMqgDgUr7
   Introduce scalable route multipath
    URL: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D26449

   Contact: Alexander Chernikov <[hidden email]>

   This work targets implementing scalable routing multipath
   support and enabling it by default. It closes the long-standing
   feature gap with other modern networking OSes.

   This work is a part of on-going efforts to modernize the
   routing subsystem.

Background

   Initial FreeBSD multipath implementation, RADIX_MPATH, was
   added back in 2008. It was based on the radix changes and
   represented multipath routes as a linked-list of chained paths.
   It was not fully finished and tested, resulting in many crash
   reports.

Implementation overview

   Multipath-related change changes are based on the introduction
   of the concept of next hops. Nexthops are separate data
   structures, containing the necessary information to perform
   packet forwarding. They are shared among the routes, providing
   more pre-computed cache-efficient data while requiring less
   memory. Interested readers can find a more detailed description
   in D24141. They can find another overview in Nexthop objects
   talk describing Linux kernel implementation.

   Multipath implementation extends the nexthop concept further by
   introducing nexthop groups. Nexthop group is simply an array of
   nexthops, compiled according to each nexthop relative weight.

   Each route has a pointer to either nexthops or a nexthop group,
   decoupling lookup algorithm from the routing stack internals.
   Both nexthops and nexthop groups are immutable and use
   epoch(9)-backed reclamation.

Status

     * Nexthop objects (D24232) [ DONE ]
          + Introduction of nexthop objects [ DONE ]
          + Conversion of old KPI users to the new one [ DONE ]
               o Conversion of route caching to nexthop caching [
                 DONE ]
          + Conversion of struct rtentry field access to nhop
            field access [ DONE ]
          + Eliminating old lookup KPI and hiding struct rtentry [
            DONE ]
     * Multipath routing (D26449) [ DONE ]
          + Switch control plane customers to use (rtentry,
            nexthop) pairs instead of rtentry to allow multipath
            changes happen transparently [ DONE ]
          + Introduce nexthop group objects [ DONE ]
          + Add multipath support for the rib (routing information
            base) manipulation functions [ DONE ]
          + Add flowid generation for outbound traffic to enable
            load balancing [ DONE ]
     * Routing daemon support
          + Add net/bird support for multipath routing [ NOT
            STARTED ]
          + Add explicit nexthop/nexthop groups control via rtsock
            [ IN PROGRESS ]
          + Work with FRR developers to add nexthop-based route
            control [ NOT STARTED ]
     __________________________________________________________

Thunderbolt3/USB4 stack

   Contact: Scott Long <[hidden email]>

   This project implements a driver stack for Thunderbolt3 and
   USB4. These technologies differ radically from USB3 and prior,
   and require completely new drivers for the host interface
   adapter and topology as well as configuration management
   layers. At their most fundamental level, a TBT3/USB4 topology
   appears as PCI bridges and buses, and attached devices appear
   as either PCI devices, USB3 devices, or DisplayPort devices.
   Early TBT3 controllers don't even appear in the system topology
   unless a TBT3 device is plugged in. These early TBT3 systems
   also implement a security policy meant to protect against
   unauthorised or malicious devices, though that scheme has been
   proven to not be effective and has been removed from later TBT3
   and USB4 implementations. Besides security control, the
   TBT3/USB4 stack controls power management and topology hotplug.

   The FreeBSD driver currently supports Alpine Ridge and Ice Lake
   TBT3 controllers, and can perform basic security validation and
   topology awareness. USB4 support as well as full connection
   manager and power management support is still being worked on.
   The current driver will be committed to FreeBSD in early
   January 2021.

   Though this work is not sponsored, it has been done with the
   encouragement and support of the FreeBSD Foundation and
   Netgate.
     __________________________________________________________

Vectored AIO

   Contact: Alan Somers <[hidden email]>

   POSIX AIO is a facility for asynchronous I/O to files and
   devices. FreeBSD's implementation is efficient, especially when
   writing to disk files. But a long-standing defect in the
   standard API is a lack of vectored functions. That is, there is
   no asynchronous equivalent of pwritev(2) and preadv(2). A
   common workaround is to use lio_listio(2) instead. However,
   that has several drawbacks. It's more effort for the
   programmer, it might return early with only a subset of the
   operations completed, it requires more total syscalls, and
   there is no guarantee that the operations will complete
   in-order.

   This quarter I added two new syscalls: aio_writev(2) and
   aio_readv(2). They work just like their non-vectored
   counterparts, but they take an array of iovec elements, just
   like pwritev and preadv. You can't use them in combination with
   lio_listio, but that could be added in the future.
     __________________________________________________________

ZSTD Compression in ZFS

   Contact: Allan Jude <[hidden email]>

   Zstandard (ZSTD) is a modern high-performance compression
   algorithm designed to provide the compression ratios of gzip
   while offering much better performance. ZSTD has been adopted
   in FreeBSD for a number of other uses, including compressing
   kernel crash dumps, as a replacement for gzip or bzip for
   compressing log files, and for future versions of pkg(8).

   This effort to complete the integration of ZSTD into ZFS is
   funded by the FreeBSD Foundation.

   During the four quarter the final tasks in the project to
   integrate ZSTD into OpenZFS were completed.

   Completed milestones in this project:
     * Integrated ZSTD in the FreeBSD boot loader (Warner Losh
       [hidden email])
     * Added a section to the FreeBSD Handbook ZFS chapter
       explaining ZSTD
     * Wrote a FreeBSD Journal Article explaining considerations
       when selecting a suitable compression level
     * Monitored for bug reports after the changes were integrated
       into -CURRENT

   With all of these changes in place, it is now possible to boot
   from pools

   compressed with zstd or zstd-fast. For comparison, a standard
   installation of FreeBSD 13 (without debug symbols) uncompressed
   is 1175 MB, and when compressed with LZ4, is only 570 MB
   (2.15x) but when compressed with ZSTD's default level of 3 is
   only 417 MB (3.00x), and with the maximum level, 19, only 374
   MB (3.36x).

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

Architectures

   Updating platform-specific features and bringing in support for
   new hardware platforms.

arm64 platform updatesq

   Contact: Mitchell Horne <[hidden email]>

   In the interest of seeing the arm64 architecture promoted to
   Tier-1 status, an effort was undertaken to test building and
   serving of release and patch-level updates via
   freebsd-update(1). The conclusion of this investigation is that
   the process works with very few changes required; a small tweak
   is needed for the update build scripts, and a minor bugfix in
   the bsdiff(1) utility was committed. The hope is that the
   project can begin providing security updates for the platform
   with the release of FreeBSD 13.0, removing the requirement that
   users compile these updates from source.

   Added this quarter was arm64 support for the new ossl(4) crypto
   driver. This driver provides acceleration of SHA-1 and SHA-2
   cryptographic operations by leveraging OpenSSL's assembly
   routines. These routines will detect and use optimized
   instructions, as supported by the CPU. This support benefits
   userland applications via the cryptodev(4) device, and
   in-kernel consumers of the crypto(9) interface, such as the
   IPSec Authentication Header protocol and kernel TLS.

   Finally, work was done to add the necessary machine-dependent
   bits for the kernel's gdb(4) interface. This enables remote
   debugging of the kernel with gdb(1) over a serial line.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation
     __________________________________________________________

FreeBSD/RISC-V Project

   Links
   Wiki
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/riscv

   Contact: Mitchell Horne <[hidden email]>

   Contact: freebsd-riscv Mailing List
   Contact: IRC #freebsd-riscv on freenode

   The FreeBSD/RISC-V project is providing support for running
   FreeBSD on the RISC-V Instruction Set Architecture.

   This quarter saw a number of improvements and bugfixes from
   committers and contributors alike. A few small items from this
   quarter:
     * Added riscv64 LINT kernel config plus CI job
       (FreeBSD-head-riscv64-LINT)
     * Switched emulators/riscv-isa-sim to official upstream and
       updated to 2020-11-02 snapshot
     * Created sysutils/u-boot-sifive-fu540, a u-boot port for the
       HiFive Unleashed
     * Improved SBI extension support

   Further progress was made this quarter in building ports for
   RISC-V. Build and

   runtime issues with large dependencies devel/python-setuptools
   and devel/glib20 were fixed, enabling several thousand skipped
   ports. There is some in-progress work to address failures in
   other significant ports, such as devel/nspr and
   databases/sqlite3. By addressing some of these small-effort
   issues, some 15000+ ports can now be built for the platform
   with qemu-user-static.

   Finally, December saw the arrival of the first riscv64 weekly
   development snapshots. This includes the usual memstick
   installer, a virtual machine image, and a generic SD card
   image. There are still some minor tweaks to be made, but this
   marks a significant step forward for the platform, and lowers
   the barrier of entry for running a FreeBSD/RISC-V system. This
   also means that FreeBSD 13 will likely be the first
   downloadable release for the architecture. For those interested
   in trying out the VM image for themselves, see the Quick Start
   instructions on the wiki.
     __________________________________________________________

Userland Programs

   Changes affecting the base system and programs in it.

Dual-stack ping command

   Contact: Alan Somers <[hidden email]>

   The venerable ping command has until now only supported IPv4. A
   separate utility, ping6, was originally written by WIDE as a
   research tool to develop IPv6. As a research tool, it didn't
   need IPv4 support, but since then, it's been put to practical
   use by countless developers and sysadmins everywhere.

   The ping/ping6 split has been a perennial complaint. It's
   annoying that two separate commands are needed, even though
   they do almost exactly the same thing. This quarter, I merged
   Ján Sucan's GSoC work, which merged the two commands. Now ping
   can handle either protocol, based on the -4 and -6 switches, or
   based on the format of the target. A ping6 hard link is
   provided for backwards compatibility.

   Sponsor: Google Summer of Code
     __________________________________________________________

Ports

   Changes affecting the Ports Collection, whether sweeping
   changes that touch most of the tree, or individual ports
   themselves.

KDE on FreeBSD

   Links
   KDE FreeBSD
    URL: https://freebsd.kde.org/
   KDE Community FreeBSD
    URL: https://community.kde.org/FreeBSD

   Contact: Adriaan de Groot <[hidden email]>

   The KDE on FreeBSD project aims to package all of the software
   produced by the KDE Community for the FreeBSD ports tree. The
   software includes a full desktop environment called KDE Plasma,
   graphics applications, instant-messengers, a video-editing
   suite, as well as a tea timer and hundreds of other
   applications that can be used on any FreeBSD machine.

   The KDE team (kde@) is part of desktop@ and x11@ as well,
   building the software stack to make FreeBSD beautiful and
   usable as a daily-driver graphics-based desktop machine.

   This quarter the kde@ team:
     * Landed the October, November and December updates to KDE
       Applications and to KDE Plasma
     * Landed all of the bi-weekly KDE Frameworks releases
     * Updated Qt to 5.12.2, including Qt5 WebEngine
     * Followed up with two cmake patch releases
     * Followed up one ninja patch release

   There was lots of infrastructural work and individual
   application

   updates and a new Matrix client from the KDE community as well,
   which we typically fail to administer and write about so this
   report is fairly short with mostly big-ticket items. We had
   fun, we chased the things that are most useful to us, and got
   through the year. Here's to next year with actually seeing
   FreeBSD people again.

   I (adridg@) would like to especially thank Kai Knoblich (kai@)
   for chasing WebEngine: that's a huge and painful codebase to
   deal with, and here we are, all up-to-date.
     __________________________________________________________

FreeBSD Office team

   Links
   The FreeBSD Office project
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/Office

   Contact: FreeBSD Office team ML <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Dima Panov <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Li-Wen Hsu <[hidden email]>

   The FreeBSD Office team works on a number of office-related
   software suites and tools such as OpenOffice and LibreOffice.

   Work during this quarter focused on providing the latest stable
   release of LibreOffice suite and companion apps to all FreeBSD
   users.

   Latest and quarterly ports branches got a series of updates of
   the LibreOffice suite from 7.0.1 thru 7.0.4 releases,
   compilation patches for all Tier 1 architectures, and updates
   of all companion libraries. Some of our local and critical to
   build patches were sent to and accepted by upstream.

   Meanwhile, our WIP repository was moved to new home under
   official github.org/freebsd resources.

   The WIP repository also has a major update with development
   versions of the LibreOffice suite, version 7.1.0.0.beta1 for
   now. Release will be planned in March, 2021.

   We are looking for people to help the project. All unstable
   work with LibreOffice snapshots is staged in our WIP
   repository.
   The open bugs list contains all filed issues which need some
   attention. Patches, comments and objections are always welcome
   in the mailing list and bugzilla.
     __________________________________________________________

Ports On Non-x86 Architectures

   Contact: Mark Linimon <[hidden email]>

   It has been some time since the last report on the status of
   FreeBSD ports on non-x86 architectures.

   Traditionally, we have referred to these as "tier-2
   architectures". However, aarch64 and powerpc64 have aspirations
   for tier-1. Also, although riscv64 is currently tier-3, it has
   aspirations for tier-2.
     * The big news is that, thanks to the FreeBSD Foundation (and
       the assistance of Philip Paeps), FreeBSD now has two new
       aarch64 boxes, which have replaced the previous,
       badly-aging, alternatives. For the first time since August,
       we once again have up-to-date aarch64 packages.
     * Thanks to the above, and the work of Emmanuel Vadot and
       others, some bitrot in aarch64 ports has been reversed.
     * Piotr Kubaj (pkubaj@) continues QA on powerpc64
       (big-endian) ports. Almost everything that is buildable now
       does so. The Linux ports and some of the graphics drivers
       are excluded. Otherwise, powerpc64 is up to parity with
       amd64.
     * Piotr has also begun the task of bringing powerpc64le
       (little-endian) up to parity with powerpc64. Although
       several of the powerpc64 src committers (and your author)
       have a fondness for big-endian, the fact is that our most
       feasible path to getting graphics capability anywhere near
       parity with x86 is via the little-endian choice.
     * Mark Linimon (linimon@) has begun his own test-builds of
       ports on riscv64 just to ascertain overall buildability.
       Surprisingly, many ports do indeed build. Thanks to
       contributions from several people already working on
       riscv64, including John Baldwin (jhb@) with an LLVM fix, we
       are now able to build around 20,000 packages. NB: these
       packages are unofficial and not guaranteed.
     * The work of Kyle Evans (kevans@) on chasing bitrot in qemu
       has been key to work on both aarch64 and riscv64. All users
       are encouraged to update to the latest version.
     * Unfortunately mips/mips64 are badly in need of work. The
       fact that devel/libffi does not build on mips64 blocks
       nearly half the ports tree.

   Tasklist:
     * We need users of riscv64 to actually test the packages that
       have been built (so far, they have only been tested for
       buildability). Contact linimon@ if you are interested.
     * If anyone is still using mips/mips64 for other than the
       most trivial tasks, we would welcome patches.
     __________________________________________________________

Python 2.7 removal from Ports

   Links
   About FreeBSD Ports
    URL: https://www.FreeBSD.org/ports/
   Ports Management Team
    URL: https://www.freebsd.org/portmgr/index.html
   [meta] Ports broken by Python 2.7 End-of-Life and removal
    URL: https://bugs.freebsd.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=249337

   Contact: René Ladan <[hidden email]>
   Contact: FreeBSD Ports Management Team <[hidden email]>

   As of January 2020, Python 2.7 reached its end-of-life after
   several years of extensions. Portmgr subsequently started the
   project of phasing Python 2.7 out of the Ports Tree by tagging
   lang/python27 for expiration on 2020-12-31. Last year, some 740
   ports were removed from the Ports Tree as they were
   incompatible with Python 3, mostly because these ports were
   either unmaintained or abandoned upstream.

   During this process, there were several instances of an
   upstream still being active but where the upstream have not had
   the resources yet to upgrade their software to Python 3. A
   noticeable example of this is www/chromium and derived
   software, such as devel/electron7 and www/qt5-webengine.
   Portmgr is currently looking into ideas on how to minimize the
   impact of Python 2.7 on the Ports Tree while keeping Chromium
   and KDE 5 functional. As various software packages on the
   FreeBSD cluster itself also use Python 2.7, portmgr started
   coordinating with affected parties on upgrade plans. Currently
   there are 40 ports left that directly depend on Python 2.7 to
   build or run, and an unknown number of indirect ports. All
   those ports should eventually be upgraded to Python 3 or be
   removed too, ideally some time this year.

   Portmgr is currently cleaning up (unused) Python 2.7 code from
   ports which do not need Python 2.7. New ports should not be
   using Python 2.7 anymore, i.e. they should not have USES=python
   but instead something like USES=python:3.6+.

   So while this all looks rather invasive, it is not feasible to
   keep Python 2.7 around for much longer. Over time security
   vulnerabilities might show up which will likely no longer be
   fixed, because the Python Software Foundation no longer
   supports Python 2.7. Other problems are that the software gets
   outdated over time and thereby loses its usefulness as part of
   a development kit.

   Help needed:
     * Coordinate with postmaster on isolating or migrating away
       from mail/mailman
     * Coordinate with clusteradm (?) for upgrading svnweb and our
       wiki
     __________________________________________________________

Xfce on FreeBSD

   Links
   Xfce 4.16 Upstream Release Announcement
    URL: https://xfce.org/about/news/?post=1608595200
   Xfce meta-port on FreshPorts
    URL: https://www.freshports.org/x11-wm/xfce4

   Contact: Xfce team <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Guido Falsi <[hidden email]>

   The FreeBSD Xfce team (xfce@) work to ensure the Xfce desktop
   environment is maintained and fully functional on FreeBSD.

   This quarter the Xfce team are pleased to welcome Xfce 4.16 to
   the FreeBSD ports tree!

   Some of the highlights of this Xfce 4.16 release:
     * The panel now supports dark mode (enabled by default) and
       an animated autohide transition
     * A new panel plugin dubbed "statustray" which combines both
       StatusNotifier and legacy Systray items
     * Fractional scaling support was added to the display dialog
       (helpful on HiDPI displays)
     * A new tab in the "About Xfce" dialog shows basic system
       information like CPU or GPU type
     * The settings manager has improved search and filter
       capabilities
     * All settings dialogs now use window decorations drawn by
       Gtk (client side decorations)
     * The "Mime Settings" and "Preferred Applications" dialogs
       were merged into the "Default Applications" dialog
     * The Thunar file manager now supports pause for copy/move
       operations, and queued file transfer
     * Generating thumbnails for .epub (e-book format) was added
       to tumbler
     * A new default wallpaper and icon theme
     * The application finder now allows for sorting applications
       by "frecency" - a combination of frequency and recency
     * Dropped GTK2 support from all components and plugins

   For further details, refer to the Xfce 4.16 upstream release
   announcement.

   Due to GTK2 and libxfce4gui support being removed, some panel
   plugins and libraries will be removed since they no longer work
   with Xfce 4.16:
     * deskutils/orage
     * deskutils/xfce4-volumed
     * print/xfce4-print
     * science/xfce4-equake-plugin
     * x11/xfce4-embed-plugin
     * x11/xfce4-quicklauncher-plugin
     * x11/xfce4-wmdock-plugin
     * x11-toolkits/libxfce4gui

   WARNING: Unfortunately this update can reveal a bug in pkg
   which can

   cause files from the libexo package to be absent after upgrade.
   To avoid the issue, upgrade the libexo package by itself before
   the rest of the packages, as described in UPDATING entry
   20210102.

   Thanks also to riggs@, Olivier Duchateau
   [hidden email], woodsb02@, Sergey Dyatko
   [hidden email], and ehaupt@ for their help and
   contributions.
     __________________________________________________________

Documentation

   Noteworthy changes in the documentation tree, in manpages, or
   in external books/documents.

FreeBSD Translations on Weblate

   Links
   Translate FreeBSD on Weblate wiki
    URL: https://wiki.freebsd.org/DocTranslationOnWeblate
   FreeBSD Weblate Instance
    URL: https://translate-dev.freebsd.org/

   Contact: Danilo G. Baio <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Edson Brandi <[hidden email]>

   In search of new contributors an article was published in the
   September/October 2020 issue of the FreeBSD Journal about How
   to Become a FreeBSD Translator.

   During the whole year we received new contributors to the
   effort; numbers are still growing and we are receiving
   translations almost daily on our Weblate platform.

Q4 2020 Status

     * 11 languages (1 new language)
     * 116 registered users (69 new users since 2020q1)

Languages

     * Chinese (Simplified) (zh_CN)
     * Chinese (Traditional) (zh_TW)
     * Dutch (nl_NL) - Added
     * French (fr_FR)
     * German (de_DE)
     * Italian (it_IT)
     * Norwegian (nb_NO)
     * Persian (fa_IR)
     * Portuguese (pt_BR)
     * Spanish (es_ES)
     * Turkish (tr-TR)

   We want to thank everyone that contributed, translating or
   reviewing documents.

   And please, help promote this effort on your local user group,
   we always need more volunteers.
     __________________________________________________________

DOCNG on FreeBSD

   Links
   DOCNG Website Repo
    URL: https://gitlab.com/carlavilla/freebsd-hugo-website
   DOCNG Documentation Repo
    URL: https://gitlab.com/carlavilla/freebsd-hugo-documentation
   DOCNG Share Repo
    URL: https://gitlab.com/carlavilla/freebsd-hugo-data

   Contact: Sergio Carlavilla <[hidden email]>

   The Doc New Generation project is finished. The switch-over
   date will be Saturday, January 23rd.

   The objective of using Hugo and AsciiDoctor is to reduce the
   learning curve and let people to start quickly contributing to
   our documentation system. Other benefits of using Hugo is that
   we can use other technologies aside from AsciiDoctor, like
   MarkDown, RST, Pandoc, etc.

   You can find a work in progress on updating the FreeBSD
   Documentation Project Primer to Hugo/AsciiDoctor.
     __________________________________________________________

Miscellaneous

   Objects that defy categorization.

Prometheus NFS Exporter

   Links

   Contact: Alan Somers <[hidden email]>

   FreeBSD's nfsstat(8) utility provides a wealth of statistics,
   but I wanted to monitor them with Prometheus. Screen-scraping
   the --libxo output would've been possible, but some of the
   stats are preprocessed in a way that interferes with my
   Prometheus processing. So I wrote a separate utility that
   publishes the raw stats provided by the kernel. Along the way I
   found and fixed a few bugs in nfsstat, too. If anybody is
   interested, I can add a port for it.

   Sponsor: Axcient
     __________________________________________________________

Third-Party Projects

   Many projects build upon FreeBSD or incorporate components of
   FreeBSD into their project. As these projects may be of
   interest to the broader FreeBSD community, we sometimes include
   brief updates submitted by these projects in our quarterly
   report. The FreeBSD project makes no representation as to the
   accuracy or veracity of any claims in these submissions.

FreeBSD Aarch64 under VMWare ESXi-ARM Fling

   Links
   ESXi-ARM Fling
    URL: https://flings.vmware.com/esxi-arm-edition
   FreeBSD Under VMWare ESXi-ARM Fling
    URL: https://vincerants.com/freebsd-under-vmware-esxi-on-arm-fling/
   FreeBSD on ESXi-ARM Fling: Fixing Virtual Hardware
    URL: https://vincerants.com/freebsd-on-esxi-arm-fling-fixing-virtual-hardware/open-vm-tools
   for FreeBSD VMWare ESXi-ARM Fling
    URL: https://vincerants.com/open-vm-tools-on-freebsd-under-vmware-esxi-arm-fling/

   Contact: Vincent Milum Jr <[hidden email]>

   VMWare is a company that produces a commercial hypervisor known
   as vSphere ESXi for AMD64 and i386. In early October, they
   released a tech demo hypervisor for ARM Aarch64 which runs on
   ARM ServerReady hardware as well as single board computers such
   as the Raspberry Pi 4b (4GB and 8GB models). This new
   hypervisor is known as VMWare ESXi-ARM Fling.

   Since the release of ESXi-ARM Fling, work has been done on both
   the hypervisor as well as FreeBSD, to make the two more
   compatible with one another. Even though the work was initially
   done to make these two work better together, the work overall
   has been more general purpose for FreeBSD in support of both
   bare-metal Aarch64 installations as well as running FreeBSD
   under other hypervisors such as QEMU.

   An example of others building off of this work is Twitter user
   astr0baby getting FreeBSD working under QEMU on a new Apple M1
   system.

   When ESXi-ARM Fling first released, to get FreeBSD to work
   under it, the process required taking the Aarch64 premade VMDK
   file, uploading it to the hypervisor storage, and then running
   a series of CLI commands to convert the disk image to a
   supported file format. The initial work done was to get the
   FreeBSD Aarch64 ISO bootable and with the required drivers to
   complete the install process. With this, users can do fresh
   installs of FreeBSD Aarch64 using the same methods they would
   use for AMD64 or i386 under ESXi.

   The CD-ROM driver's inclusion into FreeBSD 12 barely missed the
   cut-off date for 12.2-RELEASE. However, the very first
   12.2-STABLE build published for Aarch64 includes the CD-ROM
   driver. FreeBSD 13-CURRENT also includes this driver. Due to
   this, only 12-STABLE and 13-CURRENT support fresh CD ISO
   installations.

   The next step was getting the major pieces of virtual hardware
   working. This included adding more USB controllers, the vmxnet
   virtual network card, and pvscsi para-virtual SCSI drivers
   added to Aarch64 GENERIC.

   There is a known bug in ESXi-ARM Fling's virtual UEFI that
   prevents booting from pvscsi, so for the time being the boot
   device must be on a virtual disk attached to the SATA
   controller inside the VM.

   ESXi-ARM Fling uses a new virtual SVGA device which currently
   does not have working drivers on any platform, as the
   specifications are not finalized yet. Due to this, only
   efi-fb/scfb is available for console and Xorg for the time
   being.

   The VMCI driver is currently not compiling at all. This driver
   has sections of x86 assembly code that will need to be
   converted over to ARM. This would be a great area for anyone to
   look into that is experienced with converting assembly
   language!

   At ESXi-ARM Fling launch, there was a hypervisor bug preventing
   more than 1 vCPU from working inside FreeBSD. This has since
   been fixed, allowing up to 8 vCPUs. Going beyond this requires
   a a patch to FreeBSD, which was authored by VMWare developer
   Cypou.

   Things that are currently fixed/working:
     * Booting from CD ISO image
     * Virtual USB 2.0 controller
     * Virtual USB 3.1 controller
     * Virtual USB Keyboard
     * Virtual USB Mouse
     * vmxnet3 Virtual Network Card
     * pvscsi Para-Virtual SCSI Storage Controller
     * open-vm-tools Guest Virtual Machine Tools
     * Xorg Enhanced Mouse Driver (untested)
     * Multi-Core CPU (up to 8 vCPUs inside guest)

   Things that are still broken:
     * Booting from pvscsi
     * Xorg SVGA Driver
     * vmci Virtual Machine Communication Interface
     * Multi-Core CPU (more than 8 vCPUs)

   With all of this done, it has made working on the Aarch64 ports

   collection easier by having a high quality virtualization
   environment for development and testing. This environment has
   already been used to update the ZeroTier port and Facebook's
   RocksDB used in the MariaDB port.

   FreeBSD now has a Discord chat! Discussion about FreeBSD on
   Aarch64 in general takes place in our #embedded channel.
   Despite the name, we discuss all levels of ARM development,
   from large servers, to virtualized environments, all the way
   down to single board computers.
     __________________________________________________________

Bastille

   Links
   Bastille GitHub
    URL: https://github.com/bastillebsd/bastille
   Bastille Templates
    URL: https://gitlab.com/bastillebsd-templates
   Bastille Website
    URL: https://bastillebsd.org

   Contact: Christer Edwards <[hidden email]>

   Bastille is an open-source system for automating deployment and
   management of containerised applications on FreeBSD.

   Bastille Templates automate container setup allowing you to
   easily reproduce containers as needed.

   Bastille is available in ports as sysutils/bastille.

Q4 2020 Status

   In Q4 2020 Bastille merged some exciting new features. Changes
   include:
     * full adoption of the previously experimental Bastillefile
       format
     * new config sub-command
     * default templates included and applied by default
     * support for -CURRENT jails on -CURRENT hosts
     * support for 32bit containers on 64bit hosts
     * support in templates for dynamic arguments & defining
       variables
     * over two dozen bug fixes and general improvements

   More details about Bastille Releases.

   upstream was updated to 0.8.202010101 (latest). ports
   (sysutils/bastille) was updated to 0.7.20200414.
     __________________________________________________________

CheriBSD

   Links

   Contact: Alex Richardson <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Andrew Turner <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Brooks Davis <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Edward Tomasz Napierala <[hidden email]>
   Contact: George Neville-Neil <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Jessica Clarke <[hidden email]>
   Contact: John Baldwin <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Robert Watson <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Ruslan Bukin <[hidden email]>

   CheriBSD extends FreeBSD to implement memory protection and
   software compartmentalization features supported by the CHERI
   instruction-set extensions. There are three architectural
   implementations of the CHERI protection model: CHERI-MIPS,
   CHERI-RISC-V, and Arm's forthcoming experimental Morello
   processor (due late 2021). CheriBSD is a research operating
   system with a stable baseline implementation into which various
   new research features have been, or are currently being,
   merged:
     * Arm Morello - In October, we released a developer preview
       of CheriBSD ported to Arm's Morello architecture. This
       release supports a dynamically linked runtime and is
       generally functional. It was cut from a development branch
       and work is in progress to merge the contents of this
       branch with the CheriBSD main line. We anticipate producing
       a new release from this branch in early 2021.
     * Kernel spatial memory safety (pure-capability kernel) - The
       current CheriBSD kernel is a hybrid C program where only
       pointers to userspace are CHERI capabilities. This ensures
       that the kernel follows the intent of the application
       runtime and cannot be used to defeat bounds on application
       pointers. We have developed and will soon merge a
       pure-capability kernel where all pointers in the kernel are
       appropriately bounded capabilities. This vastly reduces the
       opportunity for buffer overflows. This spatial memory
       safety lays the groundwork for future work such as device
       driver compartmentalization and kernel temporal safety.
     * Userspace heap temporal memory safety (Cornucopia) - CHERI
       capabilities provide the necessary features to enable
       robust and efficient revocation of freed pointers. With
       Cornucopia we have implemented a light-weight revocation
       framework providing protection from use-after-reallocation
       bugs with an average cost below 2%. We aim to bring these
       overheads down further over the next year and merge this
       functionality into the mainline CheriBSD.
     * Syncing with upstream FreeBSD - We spent considerable time
       this quarter catching up with FreeBSD-CURRENT. As of the
       beginning of December, we had caught up. Merges are
       currently paused while we work to land Morello and
       pure-capability kernel changes. In the interim, we have
       performed a test merge between our tree based on the legacy
       export of the FreeBSD tree to git and the new FreeBSD git
       repository. The process went smoothly and is expected to
       have few impacts.
     * We have been working on updating the arm64 bhyve from
       Politehnica University of Bucharest to have it committed to
       FreeBSD. We have been upstreaming initial changes to help
       support this.
     __________________________________________________________

Embedded Lab Project

   Links
   FreeBSD Embedded Lab Design
    URL: https://www.funkthat.com/gitea/jmg/fbsdembdev
   Lab API code
    URL: https://www.funkthat.com/gitea/jmg/bitelab

   Contact: John-Mark Gurney <[hidden email]>

   The Embedded Lab Project's goal is to make SBCs and other
   devices more accessible to developers. Despite SBCs often being
   inexpensive, it is not inexpensive to maintain them, in terms
   of the cost of time to keep them up to date, infrastructure to
   support them, etc.

   The goal of this project is to support and enhance the existing
   CI work but also make it easier for developers to test their
   code and changes on one, or many different boards.

   Once the work is [mostly] complete, I will host a lab that will
   be freely available to everyone who has a FreeBSD.org account.
   Information about this will be sent once it is closer to
   launch.

   The core part of the architecture is each time a board is
   reserved via the API, a new jail is created which contains the
   serial console tty, an interface for internet access, and an
   interface that is connected to the board's ethernet port
   (assuming it has one). This allows a clean system for each run,
   and allows complete control over the network interfaces to
   support netbooting and other development. The jail will have a
   basic set of FreeBSD packages installed that matches the board.

   Part of the API will also allow power cycling the board to aid
   in debugging. This part is relatively extensible, so adding
   additional modules to provide additional support should not be
   difficult.

   The API includes support for running interactive commands in
   the jail. This will make it easy to script control of the
   environment, such as directly running an expect script against
   the serial console, or even just running a script in the jail.

   The work is progressing well, and currently a single board, a
   Pine64 A64-LTS, is integrated and working. Board reserves and
   releases are working, along with the ability to run commands in
   the jail via the API. Power control is functional, and is
   currently using a PoE smart switch to control power.

   Work has stalled on being able to use the SDWire with an
   environment due to power issues. USB is not made for power
   isolation, which is causing issues w/ power control. The
   existing board, the A64-lTS, is using a USB serial console
   adapter that is opto-isolated, ensuring that there is no
   problems w/ power control. But there I have not found a
   solution for high speed USB. I believe that cutting the VBUS
   (power) line of a USB cable would allow fine grain power
   control, but tests have not been conducted yet.

   Sponsor: The FreeBSD Foundation FreshPorts FreshPorts blog
   Dan Langille [hidden email]

   FreshPorts, and its sister site, FreshSource, have reported
   upon FreeBSD commits for 20 years. They cover all commits, not
   just ports.

   FreshPorts tracks the commits and extracts data from the port
   Makefiles to create a database of information useful to both
   port developers and port users.

   For example, https://www.freshports.org/security/acme.sh/ shows
   the history of this port, back to its creation in May 2017.

git

   The work to become git-ready is mostly complete. Both src and
   doc commits are flowing into devgit.freshports.org. Some work
   is required on various issues, but nothing that stops the flow
   of commits into the database.

Help wanted

   Amazon have donated enough to try FreshPorts on AWS. I need
   help with the following:
     * getting IPv6 working
     * working with RDS

   If you can help with this, please contact me. Thank you.

   Thank you
     __________________________________________________________

helloSystem

   Links
   Documentation
    URL: https://hellosystem.github.io/docs/

   Contact: Simon Peter <[hidden email]>

   Contact: #helloSystem on irc.freenode.net, mirrored to
   #helloSystem:matrix.org on Matrix

   helloSystem is FreeBSD preconfigured as a desktop operating
   system with a focus on simplicity, elegance, and usability. Its
   design follows the "Less, but better" philosophy. It is
   intended as a system for "mere mortals", welcoming to switchers
   from a world in which a global menu bar exists, the Command key
   is used rather than Control, and applications are contained in
   .app bundles.

   helloSystem grew out of frustration with usability shortcomings
   of existing open source desktop environments. FreeBSD was
   chosen as the base because it offers one consistent base system
   rather than a fragmented landscape of distributions lacking a
   common platform.

   helloSystem aims at providing a "it just works" out-of-the-box
   user experience in which a non-technical user can just use the
   system without ever opening the terminal, without having to
   configure anything, and without ever seeing white text on a
   black background scroll by during system boot. Technologies
   embraced include DNS-SD/Zeroconf (also known as Bonjour), IPP
   Everywhere (also known as AirPrint), eSCL (also known as
   AirScan), etc.

   Prerelease installable Live ISO images are available.

   Help is needed in a number of areas, especially:
     * FreeBSD/kernel: allowing to put the system into a read-only
       disk image with a writable overlay, e.g., using unionfs
     * Qt, Python: writing various easy-to use frontends for
       FreeBSD/OpenZFS functionality, e.g., Disk Utility.app
     * Testing and bugfixing
     __________________________________________________________

K8S-bhyve

   Links
   K8S-bhyve
    URL: https://k8s-bhyve.convectix.com
   K8S-bhyve
    URL: https://github.com/k8s-bhyve
   Kubernetes
    URL: https://kubernetes.io/

   Contact: Kirill Ponomarev <[hidden email]>
   Contact: Oleg Ginzburg <[hidden email]>

   K8S-bhyve is opensource project concentrating primarily on
   deploying and use of kubernetes on FreeBSD/bhyve in a more
   agile and more comfortable manner. We are going to provide
   distributed multi-DC environment or just stand-alone clusters
   with native PV/PVC support.

   For 2020Q4 we made and published a k8s-bhyve image which you
   might install with ISO/memstick, as well as with bsdinstall.
     __________________________________________________________

Puppet

   Links
   Puppet
    URL: https://puppet.com/docs/puppet/latest/puppet_index.html
   Puppet's FreeBSD slack channel
    URL: https://puppetcommunity.slack.com/messages/C6CK0UGB1/
   Bolt
    URL: https://puppet.com/docs/bolt/latest/bolt.html
   Choria
    URL: https://choria.io/

   Contact: Puppet Team <[hidden email]>

   Since our last status report a few months ago, the FreeBSD
   ports tree has seen the addition of the Choria
   (sysutils/choria) orchestration tool, and the Puppet Platform 7
   with the Puppet Agent (sysutils/puppet7), Puppet Server
   (sysutils/puppetserver7) and PuppetDB (databases/puppetdb7).

   Older versions of Puppet (5 and 6) are still in the ports tree,
   allowing a smooth transition, but please note that Puppet 5
   will reach EOL soon, and as it is not compatible with the
   recent ecosystem provided by FreeBSD (i.e. it is not compatible
   with the latest version of Ruby and depends on old FreeBSD
   primitives not available anymore), it is recommended to update
   at least to Puppet 6 as soon as possible.

   Ports depending on Puppet (e.g. sysutils/rubygem-bolt) have
   been updated to add options allowing to choose which version of
   Puppet to depend on. For now, the default is Puppet 6, but we
   plan to switch the default to Puppet 7 in a few weeks, probably
   when Puppet 5 will have reached EOL.
     __________________________________________________________

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